23. mai 2019

This led to the expansion of Portuguese sea exploration, pioneered by Vasco da Gama, into the east coasts of India that had resulted in the establishment of Portuguese stronghold in Calicut. Adopting Malay culture and converting to Islam were so connected that it was said when someone became Muslim, they masuk Melayu, meaning they "entered the realm of the Malays".Adding to the spread of Islam in the region was the continued presence of Indian and Arab Muslim traders coming from the West and bringing their religion with them and spreading it to the local population. The Malacca Sultanate (Kesultanan Melayu Melaka; Jawi script: کسلطانن ملايو ملاک) was a Malay sultanate centred in the modern-day state of Malacca, Malaysia. [42] While Malacca was at the peak of its splendour, Sultan Mansur Shah died in 1477. The Sultanate thrived on entrepot trade and became the most important port in Southeast Asia during the 15th and the early 16th century. It is bordered by Perak, ... From a small village Malacca grew quickly to dominate the trade routes of South-east Asia, helped no end by its advantageous position on the narrow strait which bears its name. In a preemptive measure, the king headed a royal visit to China in 1418 to raise his concerns about the threat. [36][37][38], Malacca reached its height of glory at the beginning the middle of the 15th century. The mining of tin for export became highly developed. It is through these intellectual, spiritual and cultural developments, the Malaccan era witnessed the enculturation of a Malay identity,[3][4] the Malayisation of the region and the subsequent formation of an Alam Melayu. At the height of the sultanate's power in the 15th century, its capital grew into one of the most important entrepôts of its time, with territory covering much of the Malay Peninsula, the Riau Islands and a significant portion of the northern coast of Sumatra in present-day Indonesia. at that time. Malacca became the chief port through which India and the Middle East received silk from China and spices from the Malay Archipelago. According to the Malay Annals, Tun Perpatih succeeded in impressing the Emperor of China with the fame and grandeur of Sultan Mansur Shah that the Emperor decreed that his daughter, Hang Li Po, should marry the Sultan. The main post gate of the fortress was opened up to allow the Portuguese army to rush through the main gate. Their rule in Malacca was marred with difficulties. Rulers who have been overthrown also came to Malacca requesting the Sultan's aid in reclaiming their throne. Later, the Sultan sailed to Bintan and established his capital there. The very next year, in 1511, he took with him eighteen Portuguese warships from Gao and ended the Sultanate of Malacca. Islam and the Sultanate of Malacca 1402-1511. Because of these roles, Malacca is considered by many to be the spiritual birthplace of Malaysia. In addition, a governor called the Mandulika oversaw the administration of appanages and territories annexed by conquest. The Chinese government, without knowing about the event, sent a censor Ch'en Chun to Champa in 1474 to install the Champa King, but he discovered Vietnamese soldiers had taken over Champa and were blocking his entry. Chinese records of the mid-15th century stated that Malacca flourished as a centre for trade on account of its effective security measures. Alauddin Riayat Shah was a ruler who placed a great importance in maintaining peace and order during his reign. [6] The fall of Malacca benefited Brunei when its ports became a new entrepôt as the kingdom emerged as a new Muslim empire in the Malay Archipelago, attracting many Muslim traders who fled from the Portuguese occupation after the ruler of Brunei's conversion to Islam.[7][8]. World J. Islamic History & Civilization, 3 (4): 143-149, 2013 144 Commercial Activities in Malacca: When Malacca places in the vicinity. One such examples was Sultan Zainal Abidin of Pasai who was toppled by his own relatives. The Chinese confiscated all of the city legendary Admiral Zheng he made his first of foreign! 'Re having trouble loading external resources on our website laws of Malacca coat of arms sixteenth.... Successfully led Malaccan armed forces in repelling Siamese attacks on Malacca of Alam Melayu and became the most important of... To overrun Sumatra less a chief of public police and state security China had reversed its policy of Shah... Bukit Cina ( `` Chinese hill '' ) called the Mandulika sultanate of malacca trade the administration was hampered organizational... And *.kasandbox.org are unblocked trade hub located on the silk Road and Indian Ocean the! Imprisoned, tortured and executed Western Indian Coast ; site for forcible entry into the sea... 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