The closure of the BHP steelworks occurred at a time of strong economic expansion in Australia. The rocket crew were quickly on the scene and rescued seven of the crew, but one man drowned. Nobbys Beach is a very popular kitesurfing spot, especially during the warm summer months when there are northeasterly sea breezes. With its rugged coastline and large inland rivers, NSW has an extraordinary Maritime heritage and we oversee the protection, management and celebration of maritime heritage in NSW. Newcastle and the lower Hunter Region were traditionally occupied by the Awabakal and Worimi Aboriginal People, who called the area Malubimba.. Based on Aboriginal language references documented in maps, sketches and geological descriptions, eight landmarks have been officially dual-named by the NSW Geographic Names Board with their traditional Aboriginal names. Newcastle Transport operates a ferry service across the Hunter River between Newcastle's CBD and Stockton. Collection The Ross and Pat Craig Collection Geotag  Place Stockton, NSW Event Adolphe Centenary. In the same year, the first shipment of coal was dispatched to Sydney. Find some quiet at Christ Church Cathedral Things to do in Newcastle. NOTE: Shipwrecks in NSW waters Most of these GPS Readings have been taken using AUS66 as the Map Datum. Newcastle as a traditional area of heavy industry was not immune from the effects of economic downturns that plagued New South Wales and wider Australia since the 1970s. Most were labourers who returned to India once they had completed their contracts. The proposed Newcastle Cruise Terminal is scheduled to open before 2019. . After the train line closure between Hamilton station and Newcastle station and before the opening of the Light Rail, Newcastle Transport buses (Route 110) operated from Hamilton station to Civic and Newcastle stations..  In 1801, a convict camp called King's Town (named after Governor King) was established to mine coal and cut timber. These letters were sent by the Immigration Agent in response to complaints, transport arrangements, advertisements and financial arrangements relating to migration between 1838 and 1857. On December 5, 1940, the M.V. Digital Collections - Pictures - Close, E. C. (Edward Charles), 1790-1866 Sketchbook of scenes of Sydney, Broken Bay, Newcastle and region, New South Wales, 1817-1840 [picture] Maitland Nsw Newcastle Old Photos Australia History Image Old Pictures Historia Old Photographs Nimbin (1052 tons) struck a mine while steaming down the coast from Coffs Harbour and sank almost immediately. The Gwendoline was owned by the Langley Brothers Company and made frequent trips between Sydney and the Tweed from 1897 to 1903. The suburb of Broadmeadow is home to the base of the Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service. If you know the name of the ship, this index will be useful to check or confirm the date of arrival. Records relating to departures are also listed... Browse through digital shipping lists from 1828-1896. Shipwrecks became a frequent occurrence in some dangerous coastal locations, to address this, colonial authority commenced construction of lighthouses along the coastline.  Beyond the city, the Hunter Region possesses large coal deposits. Newcastle is also served by five television networks, three commercial and two national services: NBN produces an evening news bulletin combining local, state, national and international news screening nightly at 6.00 pm on Channel 9, due to NBN being an O&O of the network, Nine News' Sydney-based bulletin at 6 is not relayed on this station, but stories from the bulletin are shown on NBN News. John Newcombe's search will propel him back to a pivotal time in NSW when the penal colony was transforming into a democracy. Dept. Cold fronts affect the area and sometimes bring strong westerly winds behind them. The settlement was named Coal River, also Kingstown and then renamed Newcastle, after England's famous coal port. Newcastle once had rail passenger services to Belmont and Toronto, on Lake Macquarie, Wallsend, Kurri Kurri and several towns and villages between Maitland and Cessnock on the South Maitland Railway, but these lines have been closed. Our files contain artificial and natural reefs, buoys, ledges, rocks, shipwrecks, and many other types of structures that hold fish, in a 100 miles radius of Newcastle. The New South Wales government had planned to cut the line at Broadmeadow station, ending rail services into Newcastle station in the city centre to allow better connections between the city and the waterfront precinct. The Newcastle Jets won the A-League competition in their third season, defeating local rivals the Central Coast Mariners in the grand final.  The name first appeared by the commission issued by Governor King on 15 March 1804 to Lieutenant Charles Menzies of the marine detachment on HMS Calcutta, then at Port Jackson, appointing him superintendent of the new settlement.  Newcastle and Hunter Rugby Union is the main body overseeing the sport in the region. Newcastle has one of the oldest theatre districts in Australia. Newcastle hosts the annual surfing contest 'Surfest' on the world professional surfing tour. Because of the coal supply, small ships plied between Newcastle and Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne and Adelaide, carrying coal to gas works and bunkers for shipping, and railways. The earliest records held in the NSW State Archives Collection relating to the French are contained in the Colonial Secretary's Papers, 1788-1825. On the other hand, over 72% of the population travelled by car to and from work. New research dives into corrosion on ocean floor ... infrastructure corroding on the ocean floor are the subject of a new research project at the University of Newcastle. Image courtesy: Stille, 2007. At the time of the 2001 Census, less than 4% of the population caught public transport, of which around 2.5% travelled by bus and 1% used the train or ferry to commute to work. Two long distance lines operate through the Newcastle area using Broadmeadow station. Our files contain artificial and natural reefs, buoys, ledges, rocks, shipwrecks, and many other types of structures that hold fish, in a 100 miles radius of Newcastle. During the early stages of the storms, the 225-metre-long (738 ft) bulk carrier ship MV Pasha Bulker ran aground at Nobbys Beach after failing to heed warnings to move offshore. This resulted in extensive flooding and nine deaths.  The Newcastle Light Rail line also operates from here.. A small number of Polish-born convicts were transported to New South Wales. These ships continued in service until recent times.[when?  The theatre district that occupied the area around what is now the Hunter Street Mall vanished during the 1940s. During May 1974 the NSW coast was being battered by large storms which brought heavy swells to both Sydney and Newcastle ports. When the information is available to the people, systemic change will be … Many of these lighthouses remain functional and continue to provide safe navigation to ships, despite significant advancements in … Under Captain James Wallis, commandant from 1815 to 1818, the convicts' conditions improved, and a building boom began. Relates to. It hosts a wide range of musicals, plays, concerts, dance and other events each year. Precipitation is heaviest in late autumn and early winter, while the second half of the year is slightly drier on average. Get those hiking boots on and get ready to explore a little of NSW stunning nature spots. From 1924 until 1994, Broadmeadow Locomotive Depot was the main railway centre for the Hunter region. "Adolphe" wreck on Stockton Breakwater, Newcastle, NSW. The City of Canada Bay Heritage Society invites you to a talk presented by Betty Candy on The Shipwrecks of Homebush Bay.  Military rule in Newcastle ended in 1823. Identifier USB 2: Thomas H WalteR wreck Norah Head 1982. Philip Gidley King, the Governor of New South Wales from 1800, decided on a more positive approach to exploit the now obvious natural resources of the Hunter Valley. ... bound for Newcastle to load coal for South America. The oldest state school in the area is Newcastle East Public School, a primary school established in 1816. ], During World War II, Newcastle was an important industrial centre for the Australian war effort. Aboriginal history. , Rugby union is a football code that has been played in Newcastle since at least 1869, with the Newcastle Football Club formed in 1877. ... Newcastle, NSW, 1875. The Daily British Whig is rapidly being digitized by Digital Kingston from 1850 to 1929. East coast lows also impact Newcastle, sometimes delivering winds well above 100 km/h (62 mph) and torrential rainfall, usually lasting a couple of days. At the time of the closure and since the closure Newcastle experienced a significant amount of economic diversification which has strengthened the local economy. The shipping lists from 1854-1922 include the names of the crew members, their position on board and their... A brief list of records relating to Dutch arrivals. Search for passengers who paid their own fare and also assisted immigrants. This index was compiled by Ms Aileen Trinder and Ms Pat Fearnley (formerly Stemp) of Pastkeys. The link with Newcastle upon Tyne, England (its namesake) and also whence many of the 19th century coal miners came, is still obvious in some of the place-names – such as Jesmond, Hexham, Wickham, Wallsend and Gateshead. For the, Examples of domestic architecture in Newcastle, June 2007 Hunter Region and Central Coast storms, Newcastle and Hunter River Steamship Company, Walsh Island Dockyard and Engineering Works, Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service, List of suburbs in Greater Newcastle, New South Wales, "Newcastle (NSW) Urban Centre/Locality map", "Newcastle (NSW) Statistical District map", New South Wales Division of Local Government, "Port of Newcastle coal exports slip by more than one percent in 2017", http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/image/0007/96847/20758.gif, "Dual naming – Geographical Names Board of NSW", Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, "Newcastle shelled by a Japanese submarine", "Green groups block world's largest coal export terminal", "The People's Blockade of the World's Biggest Coal Port", "Defence forum to focus on Newcastle ship building", "Bolton Street Car Park Facade & Side Wall", "Enterprise Park and Coutt's Sailors Home (former)", "Royal Newcastle Hospital – The Club Building", "Shepherds Hill Defence Group Military Installations", Uncovering and understanding Australia's First Railway, Conference Paper, Campbell, D., Brougham, J. and Caldwell, R., Australian Journal of Multi-disciplinary Engineering, Vol. The Newcastle 500 will be held on the Newcastle Street Circuit in the East End of the city annually until at least 2021. We acknowledge the impact colonialism has had on Aboriginal Country and Aboriginal peoples and that this impact continues to be felt today. Marsden, Susan, 'Waterfront alive: life on the waterfront', in C Hunter, ed, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 22:25. The east coast low in May 1974, the June 2007 Hunter Region and Central Coast storms and April 2015 are extreme examples of this type of weather.  The land put aside was prime real estate, on the southern edge of the harbour.  Further flooding was predicted by the Bureau of Meteorology but was less severe than predicted. With the Hunter River and busy port of Newcastle on the eastern shore and the Tasman sea on the western one – an interesting nautical history was almost inevitable. To see reminders of Newcastle’s maritime history, take your kids for a walk along the Shipwreck Walk in Stockton. The coldest temperature ever recorded was 1.8 °C (35.2 °F) in July 1986. The Newcastle Entertainment Centre, located inside the Newcastle Showground is a popular venue for regular events including wrestling, concerts and monster truck shows. Unassisted passengers - marinersandships.com.au ». Cardiff Locomotive Workshops opened in 1928, primarily as a major repair centre for New South Wales Government Railways locomotives, although it did build twelve 38 class and two 58 class locomotives.  By the start of the 19th century the mouth of the Hunter River was being visited by diverse groups of men, including coal diggers, timber-cutters, and more escaped convicts. The river is forced to flow around it and out to the Tasman Sea between two … Subject "Wendouree" Newcastle, NSW Coastal shipping Shipwrecks Salvage Date 1898. However, it consistently remained above that of New South Wales. Shipwreck No. UA-34342096-1 0418 811 522 firstname.lastname@example.org This is misleading as the area represented extends well beyond both the City of Newcastle and the Newcastle metropolitan area. Some of the sinkings were right on the border with Shellharbour. You will also find details of ships carrying Australian Agricultural Company servants and immigrants, 1825–1862. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 0.7%, Macedonian 0.5%, Italian 0.4%, Greek 0.3% and Cantonese 0.3%. Tag: Newcastle – Shipwrecks. This is the film festival where film-makers come together in one place to make a short film in 24 hours. The city is also served by several local radio stations, including those owned by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and SBS. We acknowledge the traditional custodians of the Country on which we live and work, and pay respect to Elders past, present and emerging.  The new settlement, comprising convicts and a military guard, arrived at the Hunter River on 27 March 1804 in three ships: HMS Lady Nelson, the Resource and the James. Coal was first exported from the harbour in 1799. Any shipwreck in Australia that is 75 years or older is protected by the Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976. King Street provides direct access to the Newcastle Link Road and then the Pacific Motorway and Hunter Expressway. On 12 July 1866 a paddle steamer the SS Cawarra, on its way to Brisbane from Newcastle carrying 60 passengers, was caught in a storm as it made its way out of the harbour. After an upgrade, the stadium now has capacity for almost 27,000 spectators. Favoured. Two helicopters operate out of this base and operate 24 hours a day. We seek revolution through the education of the masses. After removal of the last convicts in 1823, the town was freed from the infamous influence of the penal law. Pacific Coast, NSW & Qld The route.  They include Nobbys Head also known as Whibayganba; Flagstaff Hill also known as Tahlbihn; Pirate Point also known as Burrabihngarn; Port Hunter also known as Yohaaba; Hunter River (South Channel) also known as Coquun;  At the 2016 census it had a population of 322,278. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.8% of the population. The Newcastle Jets Football Club, which plays in Australia's highest level soccer competition, the A-League, also play at McDonald Jones Stadium. There are 120,133 entries in this Index. Assisted immigrants arriving in Sydney and Newcastle 1844-59, Moreton Bay, 1848-59 and Port Phillip 1839-51. They became defunct in 2007 after merging with the Sydney Swifts to become the NSW Swifts. The Newcastle (/ˈnjuːkɑːsəl/ NEW-kah-səl) metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the Australian state of New South Wales and includes the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie local government areas. Lebanese migration and settlement in Australia commenced around 1880. These included: drapers (10); merchants (10); storekeeper, shopkeeper and relative assisting (16); hawker and relative... Records relating to Maltese migration to New South Wales. 2, pp. According to Australian Georgraphic, there are approximately 8,000 registered shipwrecks around the coast of Australia.Some of these wrecks date back as early as the 1600’s, and only a quarter have actually been found. Before you head out guys—please make sure you check NSW National Parks alerts and warnings, and also all current NSW COVID-19 restrictions and advice. In 2019, the New South Wales Waratahs of the professional Super Rugby competition played a competition match in Newcastle at Hunter Stadium for the first time.. Newcastle Heliport operates alongside the lower section of Newcastle Harbour. Scattered wreckage on wrecksite inside North Head. It is the venue for three Group 3 races. The most common responses for religion in Newcastle were No Religion 31.1%, Catholic 21.7% and Anglican 19.2%.. Since its humble beginnings in 1998, it has become one of the leading arts festivals in Australia dedicated to the work and ideas of communities not included in other major Australian arts festivals. , Notable modernist artists associated with Newcastle are seascape sketcher Shay Docking (1928–1998), the cubist influenced abstract painter William Rose (1929–1999), landscape painter John Olsen, who was born in Newcastle in 1928, still- life painter Margaret Olley, portraitist William Dobell and figurative painter John Montefiore lived at Lake Macquarie to the south of the city. Region possesses large coal deposits were right on the shipwrecks of Homebush Bay coal in 2017 ]... Sea breezes Charlestown Square and Westfield Kotara services within Newcastle are operated Newcastle!, an RAAF CAC Sabre crashed into the CBD from other parts of the BHP steelworks occurred a! 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